How to place reinforcement in concrete structures

Reinforcement placement is an important aspect of constructing concrete structures as it ensures the strength and durability of the structure. Here are some steps for placing reinforcement in concrete structures: Reinforced concrete DETERMINE THE REINFORCEMENT DESIGN The reinforcement design is dependent on the structural design and specifications. The reinforcement design done by your Civil/ Structural... Continue Reading →

How to identify and assess hazards on a construction site!

Identifying and assessing hazards is an essential part of construction safety and risk management. Hazards can come in many forms, including physical hazards like falls and electrical shocks, chemical hazards from exposure to harmful substances, and biological hazards like exposure to infectious diseases. Here are some steps to identify and assess hazards on a construction... Continue Reading →

How to design and maintain sustainable landscaping around buildings!

Sustainable landscaping is an important aspect of sustainable building design and construction. Here are some ways to design and maintain sustainable landscaping around buildings: Native Plants Using native plants like Acacia for Zambia in landscaping can reduce water consumption and maintenance needs, as they are adapted to the local climate and soil conditions. Acacia plants... Continue Reading →

The importance of Geotechnical Engineering in Construction

        Geotechnical engineering is essential in construction for several reasons: SITE INVESTIGATION Before any construction project begins, geotechnical engineers conduct site investigations to determine the geologic and hydrologic conditions of the site. This information is essential in designing and constructing foundations and other structures that can withstand the loads imposed on them. Site investigations are... Continue Reading →


Between 2021 and 2022, I conducted a survey on rental property owners in Kabwe, Zambia, to ascertain how often they conduct asset maintenance works and how much approximately in Zambian Kwacha is spent on these works. It was discovered that a majority do not even set aside any funds for the purposes of maintenance, renovations... Continue Reading →


In 2021 during the presentation of the 2022 budget by the Minister of Finance, Zambians got excited at the mention of the increment of Constituency Development Fund (CDF) by the Government of the Republic of Zambia from ZMW 1.6 million to ZMW 25.7 million per constituency. Following the presentation of the budget a few months... Continue Reading →

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